In today’s world contribution of Women in Information Technology and programming is undoubtedly a lot. When the concept of computer programming had started to bubble up, it was a suitable career for females. The actual necessity of computers considered during the World War II. Participation of women in tech was satisfactory until the personal computer arrived. Now even female IT executives like became outliers let individual ownership.
Women in Information Technology
The very first digital computers are built to serve during wars. The computers included Eniac, the first entirely American computer. The Army recruited six women to program the computer. Great Britain’s Colossus machines at Bletchley Park operated by females in the British navy.
Hedy Lamarr, a movie star of her time, an inventor pattened a technology that later used to make U.S. missiles undetectable during the cold war. For holding the spread-spectrum communication technology that makes the Wi-Fi and cell phones work in these days.
Right after the World War II when the people had started understanding the necessity of computer facsimile machine to reduce their daily workload, the commercial demand for computers rose up and programmers for the computers too. Employment opportunity for women increased a lot in the industry.
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The originator of the Eniac started private computing company. Later on, private computing company developed the Univac. The owner hired Grace Hopper as a senior mathematician. She began developing the very first computer languages which include the popular Cobol programming language.
According to U.S. Department of Labor companies had been following “employ only women” or “a high percentage of women” strategy. The companies like IBM and Apple started recruiting women without any college degree in the associated field. The requirement was to code and move the codes to the card. Arguably, women were pretty consistent to do that.
Cosmopolitan magazine forecasted-
“THIS IS THE AGE OF THE COMPUTER GIRLS,”
A year later IBM gears this ad toward women.
Katherine Johnson and Margaret Hamilton were two mathematicians responsible for calculations that made the mission to moon successful. They developed Apollo spacecraft’s onboard flight program. They also revealed the modern concept of “software” in that process.
After the 70s the advancement of personal computer started depending on “geek” culture. A common perception has been developed that women are not good at math and science. Later on, computer programming appears only for the highly skilled labors. Still, in 2017 among top ten tech CEOs, 4 of them are women.
So the according to the history, contribution of Women in Information Technology has never been something to deny.